TrainingPlan.validation_step(batch, batch_idx)[source]

Operates on a single batch of data from the validation set. In this step you’d might generate examples or calculate anything of interest like accuracy.

# the pseudocode for these calls
val_outs = []
for val_batch in val_data:
    out = validation_step(val_batch)
batch : Tensor | (Tensor, …) | [Tensor, …]

The output of your DataLoader. A tensor, tuple or list.

batch_idx : int

The index of this batch

dataloader_idx : int

The index of the dataloader that produced this batch (only if multiple val dataloaders used)


Any of.

  • Any object or value

  • None - Validation will skip to the next batch

# pseudocode of order
val_outs = []
for val_batch in val_data:
    out = validation_step(val_batch)
    if defined('validation_step_end'):
        out = validation_step_end(out)
val_outs = validation_epoch_end(val_outs)
# if you have one val dataloader:
def validation_step(self, batch, batch_idx)

# if you have multiple val dataloaders:
def validation_step(self, batch, batch_idx, dataloader_idx)


# CASE 1: A single validation dataset
def validation_step(self, batch, batch_idx):
    x, y = batch

    # implement your own
    out = self(x)
    loss = self.loss(out, y)

    # log 6 example images
    # or generated text... or whatever
    sample_imgs = x[:6]
    grid = torchvision.utils.make_grid(sample_imgs)
    self.logger.experiment.add_image('example_images', grid, 0)

    # calculate acc
    labels_hat = torch.argmax(out, dim=1)
    val_acc = torch.sum(y == labels_hat).item() / (len(y) * 1.0)

    # log the outputs!
    self.log_dict({'val_loss': loss, 'val_acc': val_acc})

If you pass in multiple val dataloaders, validation_step() will have an additional argument.

# CASE 2: multiple validation dataloaders
def validation_step(self, batch, batch_idx, dataloader_idx):
    # dataloader_idx tells you which dataset this is.


If you don’t need to validate you don’t need to implement this method.


When the validation_step() is called, the model has been put in eval mode and PyTorch gradients have been disabled. At the end of validation, the model goes back to training mode and gradients are enabled.